How to treat a first degree (minor) burn
How to treat a first degree (minor) burn


First-degree burns are very common. Unlike second- or third-degree burns, first-degree
burns only involve the top layer of the skin. People often get these burns after accidentally
touching a hot curling iron, hair straightener, or stove. Sunburn can also be a first-degree burn. If you have a first-degree burn, your skin
may be red, painful and have mild swelling. Only minor burns should be treated at home. If you experience more severe symptoms or
have a burn that is very large and painful, call 911 or go to an emergency room immediately. To treat a first-degree, minor burn, follow
these tips from dermatologists: Immerse the burn in cool tap water or apply
cool, wet compresses. Do this for about 10 minutes or until the
pain subsides. Cover the burn with a non-stick, sterile bandage. Do not apply ointments, toothpaste or butter
to the burn, as these may cause an infection. If blisters form, let them heal on their own
while keeping the area covered. Do not pop the blisters. Consider taking over-the-counter pain medication. Acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help relieve
the pain and reduce inflammation. First-degree burns usually heal on their own
without treatment from a doctor. However, if your first-degree burn is very
large, if the victim is an infant or an elderly person, or if you think your burn is more
severe, seek immediate medical care. To learn more about wound care or find a dermatologist
in your area, visit aad.org.

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